Constitution Day in Thailand

Go BackGo back to our Bangkok Guide
Published: December 10, 2014

10 December is celebrated annually as Constitution Day across Thailand and is a public holiday. Falling just a few days after father’s day, the socially significant holiday that also remebers the birthday of the late King Bhumibol, it is a welcome holiday for those in Thailand and often enables people to take an extended break by taking only one or two days off work between the two holidays.

King Rama VII signs Thailand's first codified constitution on 10 December 1932 (photo by Keson Bunnak, from Wikipedia)

The history of the Constitution Day public holiday dates back to 1932, when Thailand – which at the time was still known as Siam – remained under a system of absolute monarchy under King Rama VII, King Prajadhipok.


In the face of troubles as a result of the Great Depression, a coup took place with the aim of a move away from the system of absolute monarchy. Thailand’s first codified constitution was signed by the King on 10 December 1932. Though the numerous political upheavals and coups that Thailand has seen since 1932 have resulted in a number of different versions of the Thai constitution coming into force, Constitution Day continues to be celebrated as the date of the first constitution’s birth and Thailand’s transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy.

Democracy Monument in Bangkok - photo by Chris Wotton

At Bangkok’s Democracy Monument, located on Ratchadamnoen Avenue, a representation of the 1932 constitution sits on two golden offering bowls atop a turret as part of the monument, and is guarded by four wing-like structures intended to represent the four branches of Thailand’s armed forces – the army, navy, air force and police – which had a part in carrying out the 1932 revolution.

Democracy Monument in Bangkok - photo by Chris Wotton

Constitution Day is traditionally celebrated across Thailand by displaying and paying respect to portraits of Thai kings past and present; it is also common for government offices to be lit up and for civilian and military parades to take place. In the past, public seminars and exhibitions have been held by the government as part of efforts to educate Thais about the constitution, the workings of the country as a constitutional monarchy and to encourage active participation in the political process. A ceremonial procession takes place at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in Dusit, where the equestrian statue of King Rama V is also the focal point of celebrations of Chulalongkorn Day. It was at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall that King Rama VII officially signed the first constitution back in 1932.

Democracy Monument in Bangkok - photo by Chris Wotton

Rama VII photo by Keson Bunnah; all other photos by Chris Wotton.


Explore Bangkok with Expique

At Expique our mission is to help people discover the real Bangkok and the local cultures. We do this through a range of experiences including Food Tours, Walking Tours, Tuk Tuk Tours, Cooking Classes, and Market Experiences

Our Bestsellers

• Check out our Award Winning ★  Bangkok Night Lights Tuk Tuk Tour
• If you love food as much as us you will love our Evening Food and Tuk tuk Adventure
• If you wanna learn to cook check out our Thai Cooking with a Twist Class
• If you feel adventurous take an eScooter Scoot Bangkok’s Backstreet
• Don’t forget our famous Bangkok By Day: Temples, Markets, Snacks & Local Transport


Get Access to our interactive Bangkok map

Subscribe to our newsletter, and get access to our Interactive Bangkok Map where you can find our “best spots to visit in Bangkok” and also receive monthly news and tips about exploring Bangkok.

Subscribe

* indicates required

Share this article:


Write a Reply or Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


About Expique

Expique is an award winning experience operator based in Bangkok. We aim to show guests the uniqueness and beauty of Bangkok and the Thai Culture. Our experiences include tuk tuk tours, food tours, eScooter tours, walking tours, cooking classes and market experiences.

Experiences You May Like:

Semi-adventurous evening food tour
Evening Food and Tuk Tuk Adventure
Vegetarian Food Tour
Bangkok Vegetarian Food Tour
Classic Bangkok Walk
The Rattanakosin Story
Thai breakfast food tour
A Local Bangkok Breakfast Tour

Instagram

Follow us on Instagram

View More

Pinterest

Follow us on Pinterest

View More

Facebook

Follow us on Facebook

View More

Talk to our team today to discuss exploring Bangkok

Contact Us. We'd love to hear from you.

Experience Bangkok
with Expique!